Chronic depression or dysthymia, despite groznost its name, is a form of mild depression. Feature is its duration and persistence of expression of the essential symptoms. To date, it is not known what may be a precipitating factor dysthymia, but particularly among others emit chemical changes in the brain caused by a decrease in serotonin levels. Serotonin – a substance that appears as a result of amino acid metabolism. In the brain, the substance acts as a neurotransmitter, but getting into the blood, acts as a so-called “hormone of happiness” to help cope with stress.
The symptoms of dysthymia are similar to the symptoms of major depression. This oppressed, loss of interest in life, feelings of hopelessness, hopelessness, pessimism, suicidal thoughts. However, these symptoms are not as bright as in the acute form of the disease and, as a rule, do not interfere, do not change your lifestyle. Duration of symptoms dysthymia may be two or more years.
Dysthymia amenable to effective treatment. For the treatment of patients assigned courses of psychotherapy or antidepressants. Possible integrated approach to the treatment comprising both components. There are also alternative treatments such as electroconvulsive therapy and phototherapy. And of course, the continued demand for treatment – a healthy lifestyle, avoiding stress as much as possible and positive emotions!