Myths About Depression

There are some popular myths about depression. It is necessary to mention them, and, whenever possible, to discredit.

1. Depression is not a disease, and it is not necessary to treat it. It concerns the depression caused by external factors. In reality depression is a real disease, serious, sometimes with a lethal outcome. It is the reason of suicides majority.

2. Patient with depression must be treated at a hospital. Supporters of this myth consider: depression is a shame for rest of life, and its owner will be put to a psychiatric clinic. Actually, people are hospitalized even with a chronic depression not so often. For them there are special crisis centers similar to sanatoria.

3. Depression is forever. It is absolutely wrong opinion, at competent treatment of an episode the disease quits forever.

4. Antidepressants are dangerous to life. Even present-day drugs have side effects, it is true. But such effects as sleepiness, hyporexia or limosis terminate after drugs withdrawal.

5. Antidepressants cause dependence. It is not true. Neither old, nor modern drugs cause physiological dependence. Even Acidum ascorbinicum can cause a psychological dependence to children.

6. People may prescribe antidepressants by themselves. Of course, many people are capable to get drugs without prescription, but it is not worth to do it. Antidepressants have a strong action and the doctor selects them individually, especially dosages.

7. Taking antidepressants can be stopped at any time. No, it is impossible to stop treatment course, and the doctor has to watch the patient continuously. Before drugs cancellation doses should be gradually decreased.

Seasonal Depression

Seasonal depression is a type of depression that occurs regularly every year at the same time.
The main cause of seasonal affective disorder, according to doctors, is specific hormonal changes in the body during this period every year. Some scholars advocate the theory of occurrence of seasonal depression due to lack of serotonin in the body, or “happiness hormone”. But this theory is not entirely untenable, because it can be applied only to the “winter depression”, as it was in the winter due to lack of sunlight in the human body can actually be a deficiency of serotonin.

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Electroconvulsive Therapy In The Treatment Of Depression

In cases where traditional forms of medicine, namely medical treatment of the disease, did not help, or the application of such methods may adversely affect the physical health of the patient, in psychiatry is allowed to use alternative treatments for depression. Such practices include electroconvulsive therapy.
The most active use of electroconvulsive therapy has gained in 50 years of the 20th century, but has been used successfully, and to this day. This therapy is harmless in itself, but the effect of its application comes almost instantly. A possible exception to the application of this method may be a person suffering from cardiovascular diseases in the acute form, and have recently undergone a stroke.

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Chronic Depression

Chronic depression or dysthymia, despite groznost its name, is a form of mild depression. Feature is its duration and persistence of expression of the essential symptoms. To date, it is not known what may be a precipitating factor dysthymia, but particularly among others emit chemical changes in the brain caused by a decrease in serotonin levels. Serotonin – a substance that appears as a result of amino acid metabolism. In the brain, the substance acts as a neurotransmitter, but getting into the blood, acts as a so-called “hormone of happiness” to help cope with stress.

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Symptoms Of Depression

Recognize the symptoms of depression is sometimes very difficult, because they do not differ much from the manifestations of bad temper, bad day or not have enough sleep the night. However, the establishment of these symptoms will not only help to diagnose the disease, but also to start to his recovery in order to prevent the possibility of a transition into the chronic stage.
Common symptoms of depression include poor concentration; fatigue and loss of vital energy;

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Psychotic Depression

Psychotic depression is a severe form of major depression accompanied by symptoms, not specific to depression, but inherent in psychosis. Hallucinations, disorientation, and other forms of distortion of perception of reality.
Why is this disease is not a typical psychosis? Everything is quite simple. The main symptoms of psychotic depression are the same all depressive symptoms – the oppressed, helplessness, loss of interest in life. Psychotic symptoms only accompany them.

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Prevention Of Depression

Prevention measures, as well as methods of treatment in each individual case manifestations of depressive disorders purely individual. However, psychologists developed a set of general preventive measures for the prevention of depression among the population. We consider it in greater detail.
1 Healthy regular sleep. It is not strange, it’s a preventative measure for many diseases. Sleep an adult, allowing fully recuperate for a new working day, the average shall be 8 hours. If you get to sleep for an hour or more – on health, but less than all the same is not recommended. Importance and regularity.

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Causes Of Depression

Causes of depression are complex, but they can be conditionally divided into two types.
1 Biological reasons.
Genetic predisposition. Propensity to disease depressive disorders in relatives of the patient in two to three times higher than in people who do not have relatives with depression.
Furthermore, the appearance of depressive disorders involves many neurotransmitters (biologically active chemicals with which electrical pulse is transmitted is carried between nerve cells). The largest group of neurotransmitters are monoamines: norepinephrine, dopamine, epinephrine, serotonin, and acetylcholine. According to the theory of neurotransmitters, the disease can occur due to a reduction, or changes in the activity of these substances.

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Postpartum Depression

Postpartum depression – a very complex form of acute depression. Complexity is due to a combination of a great many of the processes occurring in women after childbirth. This hormonal changes, and self-awareness in a new status, that the lack of sleep and physical, relaxation and positive emotions, and much more. It should be noted that postpartum depression is not as common as you might expect.
The symptoms of postpartum depression should not be confused with the objective sensations associated with the period after the birth of a child – fatigue, appetite swings, etc. Symptoms of postpartum depression include the same and common manifestations characteristic of depression in general.

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Depression Treatment

For the most effective treatment of depression is necessary to apply psychotherapeutic intervention, biological therapy, as well as a system of social adaptation measures, a positive effect on patients.
Unexpected improvement in well-being and full recovery of the patient in depressive disorders observed infrequently and is about 10% of all cases. But a return to a state of depression is quite common.

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